Kulaks are bloodsuckers and vampires

According to Marxist–Leninist political theories of the early 20th century, the kulaks were considered class enemies of the poorer peasants. Vladimir Lenin described them as “bloodsuckers, vampires, plunderers of the people and profiteers, who fatten themselves during famines“, declaring revolution against them to liberate poor peasants, farm laborers, and proletariat (the much smaller class of urban and industrial workers).

Deporation of more than 15 million farmers.
See the table below for population transfer in the Soviet Union.
Such are the tragic results of false perceptions.

Enemy images as expression of one’s own sense of powerlessness and unfulfilled needs.

Have you lost all trust, that these kulaks will ever want to be helpful to others?

Perceptions that an enemy wants to kill you or many people, such as Lenin’s enemy image of the kulaks above, at the root may constitute a request for support and care.

Yet the person is unable to experience their needs as a request, given the context of fear of death, and also the person can only communicate in jackal in this situation.

They are not open to a No.

At the same time the person is incapable to see needs of the other side. In the complete alienation of one’s own need, the other is reduced to be the alienated image of one’s own powerlessness and needs.

Using unilateral force can become very attractive in such a dire situation of big need.

The path to deescalation includes an inportant step that heals trust to get people to start communicating again. The relation is so full of distrust that mediation cannot even start:

What should happen, so that you are willing to trust even a little bit?

Maybe an acknowledgement of the harmful consequences of a prior action can create a shift. But the more painful the action was for the affected party, the harder it will be to take responsibility for it.

Imagine: a president of kulak community would be able to say to Lenin: “I do not have words for an excuse that might be appropriate for the suffering my kulak community has brought to so many. So please take my life, as a token for the truthfulness that we kulaks mean it, when we say: ‘We are sorry for the suffering we have created in the last famine.’

Population Transfers in Soviet Union

Date of transferTargeted groupApproximate numbersPlace of initial residenceTransfer destinationStated reasons for transfer
April 1920CossacksTerek Cossacks45,000[139]North CaucasusUkraine, northern Russian SFSRDecossackization“, stopping Russian colonisation of North Caucasus
1930–1931Kulaks1,679,528- 1,803,392[19]“Regions of total collectivization”, most of Russian SFSRUkraine, other regionsNorthern Russian SFSRUralSiberiaNorth CaucasusKazakh ASSRKirghiz ASSRCollectivization
1930–1937Kulaks15,000,000[20]“Regions of total collectivization”, most of Russian SFSRUkraine, other regionsNorthern Russian SFSRUralSiberiaNorth CaucasusKazakh ASSRKirghiz ASSRCollectivization
November–December 1932Peasants45,000[140]Krasnodar Krai (Russian SFSR)Northern RussiaSabotage
May 1933People from Moscow and Leningrad who had been unable to obtain an internal passport6,000Moscow and LeningradNazino Island“cleanse Moscow, Leningrad and the other great urban centers of the USSR of superfluous elements not connected with production or administrative work, as well as kulaks, criminals, and other antisocial and socially dangerous elements.”[141]
February–May 1935; September 1941; 1942Ingrian Finns420,000[142]Leningrad OblastKarelia (Russian SFSR)Astrakhan OblastVologda OblastWestern SiberiaKazakhstanTajikistanFinland
February–March 1935GermansPoles412,000[140]Central and western UkraineEastern Ukraine
May 1936GermansPoles45,000[140]Border regions of UkraineUkraine
July 1937Kurds1,325[143]Border regions of GeorgiaAzerbaijanArmeniaTurkmenistanUzbekistan, and TajikistanKazakhstanKirghizia
September–October 1937Koreans172,000[144]Far EastNorthern KazakhstanUzbekistan
September–October 1937ChineseHarbin RussiansAt least 17,500[145]Southern Far East[140]Xinjiang,[145]KazakhstanUzbekistan[140]At least 12,000 Chinese citizens were deported to Xinjiang, while 5,500 Chinese Soviet citizens were deported to Central Asia.[145]
1938Persian Jews6,000[146]Mary Province (Turkmenistan)Deserted areas of northern Turkmenistan
January 1938AzerisPersiansKurdsAssyrians6,000[147]AzerbaijanKazakhstanIranian citizenship
January 1940 – 1941PolesJewsUkrainians (including refugees from Poland)320,000[148]Western Ukraine, western ByelorussiaNorthern Russian SFSRUralSiberiaKazakhstanUzbekistan
July 1940 to 1953EstoniansLatvians & Lithuanians203,590[149]Baltic statesSiberia and Northern Russian SFSR
September 1941 – March 1942Germans855,674[150]Povolzhye, the CaucasusCrimeaUkraineMoscow, central Russian SFSRKazakhstanSiberia
August 1943Karachais69,267[151]Karachay–Cherkess AOStavropol Krai (Russian SFSR)KazakhstanKirghizia, otherBanditism, other
December 1943Kalmyks93,139[144]Kalmyk ASSR, (Russian SFSR)KazakhstanSiberia
February 1944ChechensIngush478,479[152]North CaucasusKazakhstanKirghizia1940-1944 insurgency in Chechnya
April 1944KurdsAzeris3,000[153]Tbilisi (Georgia)Southern Georgia
May 1944Balkars37,406[151]–40,900[144]North CaucasusKazakhstanKirghizia
May 1944Crimean Tatars191,014[151][144]CrimeaUzbekistan
May–June 1944GreeksBulgariansArmeniansTurks37,080
(9,620 Armenians, 12,040 Bulgarians, 15,040 Greeks[154])
CrimeaUzbekistan (?)
June 1944Kabardins2,000Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR, (Russian SFSR)Southern KazakhstanCollaboration with the Nazis
July 1944Russian True Orthodox Church members1,000Central Russian SFSRSiberia
November 1944Meskhetian TurksKurdsHamshenisPontic GreeksKarapapaksLazes and other inhabitants of the border zone115,000[144]Southwestern GeorgiaUzbekistanKazakhstanKirghizia
November 1944 – January 1945HungariansGermans30,000–40,000[131]Transcarpathian UkraineUralDonbasByelorussia
January 1945“Traitors and collaborators”2,000[155]Mineralnye Vody (Russian SFSR)TajikistanCollaboration with the Nazis
1944–1953Families of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army204,000[156]Western UkraineSiberia
1944–1953Poles1,240,000[142]Kresy regionpostwar PolandRemoval of indigenous population from the new territory acquired by Soviet Union
1945–1950GermansTens of thousandsKönigsbergWest or Middle GermanyRemoval of indigenous population from the new territory acquired by Soviet Union
1945–1951JapaneseKoreans400,000[157]Mostly from SakhalinKuril IslandsSiberiaFar EastNorth KoreaJapanRemoval of indigenous population from the new territory acquired by Soviet Union
1948–1951Azeris100,000[158]ArmeniaKura-Aras LowlandAzerbaijan“Measures for resettlement of collective farm workers”
May–June 1949GreeksArmeniansTurks57,680[159]
(including 15,485 Dashnaks)[159]
The Black Sea coast (Russian SFSR), South CaucasusSouthern KazakhstanMembership in the nationalist Dashnaktsutiun Party (Armenians), Greek or Turkish citizenship (Greeks), other
March 1951Basmachis2,795[159]TajikistanNorthern Kazakhstan
April 1951Jehovah’s Witnesses8,576–9,500 [160]Mostly from Moldavia and UkraineWestern SiberiaOperation North
1920 to 1953Total~20,296,000

See also